1.Many have learned to harness this echo chamber effect by planting
news stories and self-produced "video news releases" to start
reverberations favoring a particular action or point of view.
2.Taken from transcription of the concert recording.
4.Brown (2003, April 2), p. 40A.
6.Brown's picture runs with his by line in the Rocky Mountain News
and says it is not uncommon for readers to greet him at concerts and
7.Brown (2003, April 3), p. 53A.
9.The Augusta Chronicle (2003, April 5).
10.AnitGuy (2003), p. 1.
11.Bond p. 1
12.Eight Pearl Jam fans were trampled to death during a 2000 concert
in Roskilde, Demark.
13.Hamilton, "Fanviews of Denver #5," p. 1.
14.Brown (2003, April 12), p. 2D.
15.Eliscu (2004), p. 10.
16.Hammer, p. 2.
19.Federal Communications Commission, FCC (1970), p. 409.
20.While this standard is supposed to employ local, community
standards as a guide, in the age of the Internet and national/global
media, this becomes very difficult to quantify.
21.Many people assume that the charges brought against four people
involved with the Dead Kennedy's album Frankenchrist was the first
case of obscenity prosecution concerning a musical work. While this
incident was extremely significant, the charges dealt solely with the
album's artwork, not the music itself.
22.The album contained the word "fuck" 226 times, 87 mentions of oral
sex, 163 references to women as "bitches" and "whores," and 1
mention of incest.
23.In the changing national climate following September 11th, 2001,
those definitions expanded considerably, as detailed in a later section
of this report.
24.Reuters (2001, September 16).
25.Patman, Jean (2001, September 14).
27."Speak up at your own risk," (2001).
28.Baltimore Sun (2001).
29.Houston Chronicle (2001).
30.Daytona Beach News Journal (2001).
31.Lyrics to "New York City Cops" by The Strokes, excerpts:
"Here in the streets so mechanised
Rise to the bottom of the meaning of life
Studied all the rules didn't want no part
But I let you in just to break this heart
Even though it was only one night
It was fucking strange (...)
New York City cops
They ain't too smart"
32.Original artwork for The Coup's Party Music
33.It's worth noting that Riley's recollections of the incident have
changed somewhat over the past year. While he initially made
statements suggesting that he strongly resisted the change, later
statements tell a slightly different story. In later accounts, Riley stated
that his prime concern was that a change might be interpreted as a
change of heart regarding the group's strong anti-capitalist ideology.
34.Baker, Soren (2001, 7 November).
36.Tommasini (2001, November 25).
37.This represents 1 out of every 10 radio stations in the U.S.--which
is actually a deceptively small number relative to Clear Channel's
reach and impact. While 9 out of 10 may be owned by other entities,
most Clear Channel stations are the largest and most significant
stations in major markets).
38.The list, as reported in the press, contains the following songs (list
rearranged alphabetically by title, original spellings left intact):
"99 Luft Balloons/99 Red Balloons," Nina; "A Day in the Life," The
Beatles; "A Sign of the Times," Petula Clark; "A World Without Love,"
Peter and Gordon; "Aeroplane," Red Hot Chili Peppers; "America,"
Neil Diamond; "American Pie," Don McLean; "And When I Die," Blood
Sweat and Tears; "Another One Bites the Dust," Queen; "Bad Day,"
Fuel; "Bad Religion," Godsmack; "Benny & The Jets," Elton John; "Big
Bang Baby, Stone Temple Pilots ," Dead and Bloated"; "Bits and
Pieces," Dave Clark Five; "Black is Black," Los Bravos; "Blow Up the
Outside World," Soundgarden; "Blowin' in the Wind," Peter Paul and
Mary; "Bodies," Drowning Pool; "Boom," P.O.D.; "Bound for the Floor,"
Local H; "Brain Stew," Green Day; "Break Stuff," Limp Bizkit; "Bridge
Over Troubled Water," Simon And Garfunkel; "Bullet With Butterfly
Wings," Smashing Pumpkins; "Burnin' For You," Blue Oyster Cult;
"Burning Down the House," Talking Heads; "Chop Suey!," System of a
Down; "Click Click Boom," Saliva; "Crash and Burn," Savage Garden;
"Crash Into Me," Dave Matthews Band; "Crumbling Down," John
Mellencamp; "Dancing in the Streets," Martha and the Vandellas/Van
Halen; "Daniel," Elton John; "Dead Man's Curve," Jan and Dean;
"Dead Man's Party," Oingo Boingo; "Death Blooms," Mudvayne; "Devil
in Disguise," Elvis Presley; "Devil with the Blue Dress," Mitch Ryder
and the Detroit Wheels; "Dirty Deeds," AC/DC; "Disco Inferno,"
Tramps; "Doctor My Eyes," Jackson Brown; "Down in a Hole," Alice in
Chains; "Down," 311; "Dread and the Fugitive," Megadeth; "Duck and
Run," 3 Doors Down; "Dust in the Wind," Kansas; "End of the World,"
Skeeter Davis; "Enter Sandman," Metallica; "Eve of Destruction," Barry
McGuire; "Evil Ways," Santana; "Fade to Black," Metallica; "Falling
Away From Me," Korn; "Falling for the First Time," Barenaked Ladies;
"Fell on Black Days, Soundgarden ," Black Hole Sun"; "Fire and Rain,"
James Taylor; "Fire Woman," The Cult; "Fire," Arthur Brown; "Fly